Subversion  is a free version control software. You can manage textfile / sourcecode versions on multiple machines with it and much, much more. This howto shows how to setup the included svnserve to allow remote LAN access to the repositories on a Debian machine. Please note that if you want to access these over the internet using the Apache webserver is probably way more secure than the simplistic svnserve !
This tutorial is based on a linux system (a Debian specifically). Svnserve is a small, leightweight server to allow remote access to a Subversion repository.
The installation under Debian :
$ apt-get update
$ apt-get install subversion
Next we need an unpriviliged user to actually own our repositories and the svnserve process - I use the user "svn" who is a member of the group "src" and has no shell access.
Of course the directory that will keep our repositories needs to be owned by our new user :
$ chown -R svn:src /mnt/repos
Unfortuantely there is no init script for svnserve included - the following is a very basic init script for it:
#!/bin/sh # # start/stop subversion daemon test -f /usr/bin/svnserve || exit 0 OPTIONS="-d -T -r /mnt/repos" case "$1" in start) echo -n "Starting subversion daemon:" echo -n " svnserve" start-stop-daemon --start --quiet --oknodo --chuid svn:src --exec /usr/bin/svnserve -- $OPTIONS echo "." ;; stop) echo -n "Stopping subversion daemon:" echo -n " svnserve" start-stop-daemon --stop --quiet --oknodo --exec /usr/bin/svnserve echo "." ;; reload) ;; force-reload) $0 restart ;; restart) $0 stop $0 start ;; *) echo "Usage: /etc/init.d/subversion (start|stop|reload|restart)" exit 1 ;; esac exit 0
"OPTIONS" define the parameters svnserve ist started with (notice the path to the repositories). Start-stop-daemon does all of the other work for us. Simply copy the script text, save it to a local file (e.g. subversion), adjust the options, copy it and tell the system to start it automatically :
$ cp subversion /etc/init.d/
$ cd /etc/init.d
$ update-rc.d subversion defaults
Svnserve will now automatically start/stop on the default runlevels.
On my Windows box I use TortoiseSVN  ... TortoiseSVN uses the explorers context menue to enable access to the Subversion commands.